Private Italo ("Jake") Grumoli was a Scottish soldier of the British Army who died during the Second World War.

He was born in 1920, the son of Italian parents Leonello ("Leo"), a cafe proprietor in Campbeltown, and Maria Grumoli. When Italy entered the war on Germany's side, Grumoli's father and uncle, Umberto, were detained and subsequently interned for a period of two years on the Isle of Man, while their wives were forced to leave the area. Their release was only secured through the efforts of Campbeltown's procurator fiscal. His two brothers and three sisters all served in the armed forces and survived the war.[1]

Grumoli served in North Africa, Gibraltar, and France,[1] before being dropped over German-occupied Holland with the 11th Parachute Battalion in September 1944, as part of Operation 'Market Garden'. He died attempting to cross the river Lek on the 29th, during the evacuation which followed the operation's failure.[2]

He is buried in Bergen-op-Zoom Canadian War Cemetery.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Wartime Families, Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  2. Italo Grumoli, Retrieved 23 November 2012.


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